Masoor is basically a small pulse or legume and is present in huge varieties, varying in color from the more common greenish brown and red to yellow. Masoor is known to be most popular and probably the most commonly used dal in India.
Chana dal is also known as Bengal gram. This is the most popular legume in India. The beans have mild flavor and can be spiced to taste in a variety of ways. Without skin and split, chana is known as split chana dal. Chana dal is delicious, nutritious and can be easily digested.
Moong dal is tiny lentils that have been split and dehulled. It is one of the most popular pulses in India as they cook up fast with no need for soaking or pressure cooking.
Cowpea also known as black eyed as it has a black colored eye shaped spot on it. They are also known as field peas, Lobia and Chawla. It is a pale color legume and is soft textured. Cowpea is warm season annual herbaceouslegume.
Urad beans or Black gram is a small black skinned bean that is pale yellow on the inside and has a slightly glutinous texture. It is extensively used in various culinary preparations like curries and papad. They are highly nutritious.